What is the Calvert to Kagaru project?

    The Calvert to Kagaru (C2K) project is one of 13 projects that complete Inland Rail. This section of Inland Rail involves the design and construction of approximately 53km of new dual gauge track.

    This connection will provide convenient access for freight to major proposed industrial developments at Ebenezer in Ipswich, and at Bromelton near Beaudesert.

    The project generally follows the protected Southern Freight Rail Corridor (SFRC) which was gazetted as future railway land by the Queensland Government on November 5, 2010. This Corridor links the West Moreton line near Calvert to the interstate rail line near Kagaru, north of Beaudesert.

    What is the Southern Freight Rail Corridor (SFRC)?

    The Queensland Department of Transport and Main Roads (TMR) undertook preliminary planning and impact assessment for the SFRC study in order to reserve a corridor land for future railway development. It aimed to identify a future route for a freight rail corridor connecting the western rail line near Calvert to the interstate railway north of Beaudesert.

    The rail corridor is 80m to 100m wide, and extends about 53km from Calvert at its northern extent to Kagaru at its south-eastern extent. The SFRC was intended to serve as a major freight link connecting a future Melbourne to Brisbane inland rail line with the existing South-East Queensland rail freight network.

    There was extensive public consultation over the course of the study leading to the gazettal of the SFRC corridor. Technical, environmental and cultural heritage studies undertaken in the lead-up to the gazettal of the SFRC highlighted issues that required further intensive assessment, when more detailed designs were progressed closer to construction. 

    What does a ‘protected corridor’ mean?

    Corridor protection is a broad term covering a variety of actions that governments can take to identify and protect land required to deliver future infrastructure. It is the first step in translating long-term infrastructure strategies and plans into an operating piece of infrastructure that serves the Australian community.

    In effect, corridor protection provides future generations with an affordable option to proceed with a project. Governments can then determine when and how to deliver the project.  The required land is usually in the form of a linear corridor. Under an effective corridor protection regime, governments typically limit development on the corridor and progressively acquire the land. As such, when it is time to deliver the project, governments typically own most, or all, of the corridor.

    Will the alignment change from the SFRC?

    The Queensland Government promotes the use of protected corridors and supports the use of the SFRC for Inland Rail. Furthermore, compatibility with existing and future transport corridors is an objective of the draft Terms of Reference (ToR) for the Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) for the Calvert to Kagaru Project. As such, unless a firm justification for developing the reference design outside of the SFRC is provided, it is unlikely that the project will gain approval from the Queensland government.

    Will ARTC be examining options outside of the SFRC and current study corridor?

    ARTC is considering various options to refine the alignment within the SFRC. We are also exploring the possibility of leaving the SFRC through the Teviot Range, where there is the potential for significant efficiencies in constructability and reductions in potential environmental impacts to be realised. This study area is outlined in the Initial Advice Statement.

    Any deviations from the protected corridor will be decided on several key factors, such as impact on the Inland Rail service offering, constructability, cost and environmental or community impacts.

    The section across the Teviot Range is the only area identified as requiring consideration for moving outside of the SFRC.

    Is the proposed alignment finalised? If not, when will it be finalised?

    The EIS will be developed in conjunction with the reference design of the project. Once the EIS is completed, the reference design will effectively lock-down the project alignment. The EIS and reference design is expected to be completed within 2 years.

    Why can’t we take the rail line along existing publicly owned corridors and land (e.g. electricity easements, existing rail corridors, roads, State Forests, etc.)?

    A number of different corridors have been investigated in recent years. It’s preferable to use existing publicly-owned corridors, including existing rail lines and road reserve areas. However, there are various factors to consider when determining reference.

    These include:

    • the nature of the terrain in these areas (e.g. steep grades and/or the need to wind through areas like these are not desirable, due to the size and weight of the trains).
    • flooding and hydrology (e.g. we need to ensure a 98% level of serviceability for Inland Rail, so the corridor needs to be developed to withstand flood conditions)
    • cost (e.g. due to the physical construction requirements in some locations, it may be too costly to locate the project there)
    • travel time (e.g. ARTC has to ensure a travel time from Melbourne to Brisbane of less than 24 hours)
    • constructability (e.g. some locations will make construction more difficult)
    • easement setback requirements (e.g., there are minimum clearances required from road, power and other public utility easements that must be met).

Approval Pathways

    Approval Pathways

    The Queensland Coordinator-General has granted ‘coordinated project’ status to the Calvert to Kagaru Project. This means the Inland Rail team needs to prepare an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS).

    A project is declared a Coordinated Project if it has one or more of the following features:

    • complex approval requirements, involving local, state and federal governments
    • significant infrastructure requirements.
    • significant environmental effects
    • strategic significance to the locality, region or state, including for the infrastructure, economic and social benefits, capital investment or employment opportunities it may provide.

    EIS process

    The Coordinator-General issued the draft ToR for public comment on 26 August 2017, with the closing date for comments on 25 September 2017.

    Once the ToR have been finalised, the Inland Rail team will start the detailed social, economic and environmental impact studies to develop the draft EIS. During this phase, we will provide regular updates on our progress and speak to communities to gather more information.

    As part of this process, matters of national environmental significance will be assessed under the Commonwealth Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999.

    These studies will inform the preparation of a draft EIS, which will be released for public review and submissions. We encourage you to be involved in the process and invite you to contact the project team for more information and provide feedback.

    Evolution of design during the EIS process occurs from the conceptual stage proposed in the Initial Advice Statement through to reference design stage described in the draft EIS.

    The reference design is further developed into a detailed design after the EIS process, and must include a response to the conditions and recommendations in the Coordinator-General’s report on the EIS, and other subsequent permit and approval conditions.

    Why are we doing an EIS when extensive work and consultation were previously carried out?

    Studies developed to protect a future corridor, such as the SFRC, are generally at a less detailed level than that on an EIS, as the intent is typically to undertake further detailed studies closer to the time of the project being developed. Such detailed studies include the development of an EIS.

    Will your feedback be considered throughout the project?

    Community consultation is vital to the success of Inland Rail. Your input can shape its development and we welcome your participation. ARTC is committed to working with stakeholders at every stage of planning and development of the project.

    What is the feedback mechanism for the community to raise questions/concerns about the project?

    The EIS process includes two formal public comment periods:

    • draft Terms of Reference (ToR): COMPLETED
    • draft EIS exhibition period: late 2019.

    A revised draft EIS will be released but only if required by the Coordinator-General.

    The Inland Rail project team is also available to meet stakeholders at any time during the course of the project.

    To organise a meeting, please contact the project team via:.

    P: 1800 732 761



Cultural Heritage

    How are we undertaking cultural heritage studies for the project?

    ARTC is consulting with the recognised Aboriginal party for the project area.


    Why do we need to carry out studies?

    The study area is a nominated location that applies to either side of the preferred alignment and sets the spatial scope for future studies for the EIS. The study area is applied to the preferred alignment so we can advise landholders of property lying in whole or in part within the area of our intention to develop the EIS and provide advanced notice of the necessary field studies that will be required in various locations.

    The reason studies are undertaken away from the preferred alignment, is so information can be gathered at a local and regional scale to better inform the potential impacts of the project. 

    These studies are expected to take 12-18 months, with the results being used to prepare the draft EIS.

    What do these studies involve? What is the process? What equipment is required?

    Some studies that involve taking samples of air quality, baseline noise levels, ecology surveys or water quality sampling, will be undertaken throughout the study area and on the preferred alignment.

    Other studies will involve the following surveys: groundwater, soils and geology, cultural heritage, transport, social and socio-economic, land use, and landscape and visual amenity.

    Not all of these studies require field work, as some can be done using existing data. Information about the type of activities to be conducted is provided in more detail with any land access negotiations, including anticipated timeframes, hours of work, types of equipment and vehicles to be used.

    Will the project team contact you to arrange access to your property to do these studies?

    Yes.  Access to property is by agreement only and requires ARTC to secure a signed Property Access Form by agreement with the landowner. Times for the various investigations will need to be agreed upon with the landowner prior to the required access.

    How many times will the project require access to a property?

    This will vary from property to property depending upon the nature of the studies proposed to be undertaken.  The property team will discuss these details with you during their initial discussions.

    Will information be available to you once studies on your property have been completed?

    Typically, information from studies will be available when the draft EIS is published.    

    How will you know if your property is impacted?

    The project team has been in contact with all directly impacted landowners since early 2016 and sent letters to stakeholders within the study corridor. If you would like to know more about where your property lies within the project area, contact the project team.

    Have all required properties been acquired for the SFRC?

    No. This process is ongoing and will continue to be managed by the Department of Transport and Main Roads (TMR) .  Information about this process is on TMR’s website.  The acquisition of land may be by private treaty (by agreement with the landowner) or by compulsory acquisition (or resumption). 

Environmental Impacts

    Noise Management

    Inland Rail crosses three states with differing rail noise management regimes. To ensure a consistent approach across the three states as well as meeting state specific requirements, ARTC is in the process of preparing an overarching noise management strategy, which will be publicly available.  Detailed field investigations will be undertaken as part of the EIS and these will be used to develop a specific noise mitigation strategy. There are multiple treatments options available to mitigate noise and these will be investigated during the next phase of the project.

    Coal dust management

    While ARTC is responsible for the construction and maintenance of Inland Rail, its users will be private operators. The operator will manage coal dust in accordance with Queensland Government legislative requirements.

    We intend to maintain the existing coal dust mitigation measures currently employed in Queensland as a minimum standard.

    Typically, this includes:

    • washing coal and sections of coal wagons
    • profiling or flattening the coal load within the wagons
    • applying a veneer to coal loads to prevent dust from being released.

    ARTC will conduct air quality monitoring to understand existing air quality and the operational impacts on Inland Rail. This will allow us to understand whether dust mitigation measures are effective.

    Will fauna crossings be installed for the project? If so, where will they be installed?

    Fauna crossing options and locations will be examined in detail during the EIS phase.


    Flooding is a major concern for many landowners and the community. Will ARTC contact me when the hydrology studies start for the EIS?

    ARTC is aware that flooding is a key concern for communities along the alignment and we will be conducting detailed investigations throughout the EIS process. This includes working with local governments to obtain their flood data to help inform our flood models. These flood models will be made public to allow the community to provide their input and we are keen to receive any information you may have on flooding in your areas.  We will also be working with individual landowners within the study area to ‘ground truth’ the modelling.

    Who can you contact at ARTC to provide my flood information to, including data and anecdotes about historical flooding events?

    Please contact the project team at any time by:

    Phone: 1800 732 761



    As ARTC will obtain important flood information throughout the EIS phase, as part of the planning of the project we value your input and would greatly appreciate any flooding information that you may have and are happy to share with us.

    What flood management measures are required for the project?

    A comprehensive hydrology assessment will be undertaken in order to develop the EIS.  The EIS will describe the existing environment, the potential impacts of the project and the required mitigation measures relating to flooding and the flood immunity of the rail line itself.

Train Numbers

    What is a train movement?

    A train movement is a journey in one direction only. For example, a train making a return trip between Calvert to Kagaru will have made two movements.

    What are the expected train movements?

    The current figures estimate a gradual increase in the number of trains using Inland Rail from when the line becomes operational in 2025, with a forecast of approximately 40 train movements per day by 2040. However, this next phase of investigations will include detailed operational modelling to provide updated figures for inclusion in the EIS based on market forecasts.

Road & Rail Interface

    How will road/rail crossings be managed?

    Each road/rail intersection will be assessed on an individual basis using the mandated safety assessment tools. It would be reasonable to expect that major road crossings would be grade separated, while smaller crossings on public roads might be controlled by signals and boom gates. This will be determined during the Environmental Impact Statement.

    What does grade separation mean?

    Grade separation is when the rail and the road cross one another at different elevations or levels. This is typically done by constructing a bridge.

    What will happen to landowner access across the rail line? Will they lose the existing crossings?

    ARTC will ensure an appropriate level of access is maintained for landowners across existing crossings or through their property should it be affected by the rail corridor. 

    In some cases, we may need to look at rationalising existing crossings – reduce several crossings to one or create shared crossings with access easements for adjoining properties.  This will be assessed on a case-by-case basis once we have a proposed alignment and in consultation with the relevant landowners and users.

    What impacts will a 1.8km and 3.6km long train have on rail and road interface wait times for commuters?

    Train speed at each level crossing location will differ, depending on the surrounding environment. A 1.8km train travelling at 60 kilometres per hour will take approximately 1.8 minutes to pass through a level crossing. 

    Trains using the railway line will initially be 1.8 kilometre long when the project is operational. The 3.6 kilometre trains are not expected to operate before 2040.

    What about trains waiting in crossing loops?

    Proposed crossing loops for the project will not be constructed across public roads, therefore other than when trains are required to pass through these locations no level crossings are anticipated to be impacted. Road and rail interfaces will be examined in greater detail during the EIS for the project.


    How wide is the rail corridor?

    The width of the corridor is dependant on several factors including design and terrain and will be between 40-60m wide.

    How high are the structures expected to be?

    It is anticipated that structures will be up to 15m high. Please note that the detailed design has to be confirmed in the next phase of works and is informed by the result of our field investigations.

Community Engagement

    Who from ARTC Inland Rail can I contact to share my knowledge of my property and the surrounding community, including about previous flooding events?

    We encourage you to be involved in the development of this project and invite all landowners and the community to contact the project team at any time, to share your knowledge and provide feedback about the project.

    Please contact the project team at any time by:

    Phone: 1800 732 761



    How will ARTC inform you about the project?

    ARTC will provide regularly updated information both in traditional and digital formats.  We would encourage everyone who is interested in receiving such updated information to register your contact details with the project team. 

    Will ARTC continue to keep the public updated about the engineering of the project, including cut and fill balance, ballast supply and so forth?

    Yes. ARTC Inland Rail is committed to working with state and local governments, landowners and communities as a vital part of our planning process for this project, including engineering requirements. Please make sure your current contact details are registered with the project team if you would like to be updated.


    When will construction start and how long will it take?

    Construction will commence once all the necessary approvals are obtained and a detailed design is complete. Construction is anticipated to start in 2021 at the earliest and will take approximately 3 years to construct.

    Will nearby roads (preferred route), expected to be used for the proposed IR, be upgraded?

    The project team is in discussions with local and state government about the project including impacts to neighbouring infrastructure.

    Will mitigation measures required for the project be monitored during construction and operation phases?


Asset Ownership & Operation

    Ultimately, who owns the infrastructure?

    It is envisaged that the land will be owned by the Queensland Government and leased to ARTC.  ARTC will operate and maintain the infrastructure.  ARTC will manage the railway and interaction with the customers. 

Employment Opportunities and Community Impacts

    How can you submit an Expression of interest for employment opportunities with the Inland Rail Project?

    • go to the front page of ARTC website:
    • place your cursor over the ‘contact’ option, located at the top of the page
    • click on the ‘work with us’ option
    • two options to choose from: job seekers and suppliers. Click on preferred option which will allow you to register your interest and provide you important information.

    How is this section of Inland Rail funded ?

    As part of the May 2017 Budget the Federal Government announced an additional $8.4 billion funding commitment to deliver Inland Rail, via an equity investment in ARTC.  The Government also announced that the 126km section from Toowoomba to Kagaru in Queensland will be delivered through a Public Private Partnership (PPP). This will enable the Government to manage risk, drive value and leverage private sector expertise in design, finance, build and maintenance.

Other Projects

    What is happening with the Ebenezer intermodal facility?

    The Inland Rail project is responsible for constructing the rail line. When the SFRC was protected it was a State Government project and took into account the State constructing an intermodal terminal in the Ebenezer Industrial Area. We are working closely with the State Government and the line will take into account the possible future construction of an intermodal facility.

    What about linkages to Bromelton?

    The line at Kagaru incorporates a Southern fork to allow customers to utilise the SCT intermodal facilities in Bromelton. While ARTC has purchased land there, any planned works are not currently part of the project.

    Will new intermodal terminals be constructed along the proposed alignment for the project?

    This activity is not currently proposed as part of the project.